A robust, recognized tourism safety and security network has been developed in Lapland. Networked operation is a solution also in promoting internal security and civil safety. One of the primary research questions is how to coordinate and manage open, voluntary, preventive networks. Lapland has functioned as a national model region in the implementation of networked operation.

Photo: Network structure in the Salla tourism area during the project (Lapland’s Tourism Safety and Security System – Education, Network, and Foresight project).


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Figure: © Vesa Koivumaa

Lapland University Consortium publications:
Iivari, P. 2012.* Tourism Safety and Security: Global changes, local impacts (in Finnish). Publication series D no 8. Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences.

Koivumaa, V. 2011.
Network description (in Finnish). Multidimensional Tourism Institute. Lapland’s Tourism Safety and Security System - Education, Network, and Foresight project 2011.

Lapland University Consortium theses:
Junes, T. - Kivilahti, T. 2012.*
Developing safety in the Meri-Lappi tourism area (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences.

Jussila, L. - Lampela, N. 2012.*
Developing safety in the Levi tourism area (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences.

Lindgren, J. 2010.*
Tourism safety: safety planning, and its impact in Levi’s tourism center (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences.

Moilanen, M. 2012. Voluntary rescue service organizations as a resource in civil safety cases (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Rovaniemi
University of Applied Sciences.

Tarkiainen, A. - Turtinen, H. 2012.*
Developing safety in the Salla tourism area (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences.

Valle, H. 2012.*
Developing safety in the Utsjoki tourism area (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences.

Other publications:
Hiltunen, A. 2011. Management skill; a lifelong journey (in Finnish). Helsinki: WSOYpro.

Järvensivu, T. - Nykänen, K. - Rajala, R. 2010.
Network management guide (in Finnish). Aalto University, School of Business.

Latvala, A. 2010.*
Ylläs tourism center’s customer safety manual (in Finnish). Bachelor’s thesis. Laurea University of Applied Sciences.

Prime Minister’s Office. 2005.
Network management possibilities in the Finnish Government. Functionality of political programs and the government’s strategy document procedure in the implementation of government programs (in Finnish). Prime Minister’s Office publication series 6/2005.

Official reports:
Lapland’s Regional State Administration Agency 2012.*
Lapland’s safety and security situation 2012 (in Finnish). Rovaniemi: Lapland’s Regional State Administration Agency.

Palmgren, M. 2011.
Lapland’s model for network cooperation in internal sefaety. Socially and economically sustainable civil safety. Rural civil safety network project’s final report (in Finnish). 1/2011 Lapland’s Regional State Administration Agency publication 1/2011.

National and international research books and articles:
Barabási, A-L. 2002. Linked: The new science of networks, 2002.

Castells, Manuel. 1996 (2nd ed. 2000). The Rise of the Network Society. The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture Vol. I. Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Journal of Network and Systems Management.

Nykänen, S. 2010. Guidance service organizers’ conceptions of management in a guidance network: Network management through tourism? (in Finnish) Doctoral dissertation. University of Jyväskylä.

Salminen, V-M. 2012.
How can network functioning be studied? (in Finnish) - In Kansalaisyhteiskunta 2/2012. (P. Lappalainen (ed.)), 170–187. Kansalaisyhteiskunnan tutkimuksen seuran publication. 3rd annual volume. University of Jyväskylä.

Additional information:
Vesa Koivumaa,
Multidimensional Tourism Institute, vesa.koivumaa@lapinamk.fi, tel. +358 40 586 6826